Dynamic Transfers

This page has information for generators outside of the PJM footprint that want to deliver its output into the PJM territory.


When a generator within one balancing authority agrees to deliver power into another, it can choose to electrically transfer its output into the attaining balancing authority and thereby make itself available for dispatch by the attaining balancing authority. This is called a dynamic transfer.

The graphic below displays how power moves in a dynamic transfer.

Dynamic Transfers

As a dynamic transfer, a unit can elect to either dynamically schedule or pseudo tie into an attaining balancing authority.

If you have questions, contact DynamicTransferRequests@pjm.com.

Dynamic Schedule

This is a reading or value used to schedule generation, often jointly-owned, between balancing authorities. It is subject to North American Electric Reliability Corporation tagging rules.

A unit may decide to dynamically schedule, instead of pseudo tying, because the owner does not hold long-term firm transmission service.

Request a Dynamic Transfer
Pro Forma Dynamic Schedule Agreement DOC
NAESB Registration Checklist PDF
Manual 12: Balancing Operations PDF

Pseudo Tie

This is a reading or value used as a “virtual” connection to a grid operator when no physical tie exists. The native balancing authority removes the unit from its calculations to schedule generation, and the attaining balancing authority adds it to its own. Pseudo ties currently are not subject to NERC tagging rules, but must register with the North American Energy Standards Board to assist with inter-regional congestion management.

A unit may decide to pseudo tie, instead of dynamically scheduling, because the resource is seeking a capacity import limit exception in PJM’s reliability pricing model.

Pseudo Tie Process & Timeline PDF
Request a Dynamic Transfer
System Modification Cost Reimbursement Agreement PDF

If intending to offer the external resource as Capacity Performance in RPM auctions, the following documents are required to be completed:
Must Offer Agreement PDF
Officer Certification PDF

Agreement for Generator Pseudo Ties into the PJM Region when:
Pseudo Tie is Not Physically Located in MISO Territory DOC
Psuedo Tie is Physically Located in MISO Territory DOC

NAESB Registration Checklist PDF
Manual 12: Balancing Operations PDF