Generation Exam Resource Materials

Effective January 4, 2016

Operator/Dispatcher Certification BulletinPDF
Exam Content OutlinePDF
Sample ExamPDF
Sample Exam KeyPDF

Manuals & User Guides

The following are copies of the PJM manuals supporting the certification testing and may not be a copy of current processes and procedures. You can view current versions of the PJM Manuals.

Control Center RequirementsPDF
Transmission OperationsPDF
Pre-Scheduling OperationsPDF
Energy & Ancillary Services Market OperationsPDF
Balancing OperationsPDF
Emergency OperationsPDF
Generator Operational RequirementsPDF
Definitions & AcronymsPDF
System RestorationPDF

Training Material

Note that the following are copies of PJM training presentations that are available as a reference for preparing for the certification exams.  The content may not reflect current processes and procedures.  You can view current training material on the Training Material page.

Electrical Theory

Generator TheoryPDF
Mathematics ReviewPDF
Power Flow on AC Transmission LinesPDF
Power Principles and Phase AnglePDF
Transformer TheoryPDF


1.1 Intro to Generation Operator Fundaments (GOF) & PJMPDF
1.2 Introduction to the PJM MarketsPDF
1.3 Dispatch Signal & Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP)PDF
1.4 CommunicationsPDF
1.5 TelecommunicationsPDF
2.1 Day‐Ahead Energy MarketPDF
2.2 eDART Intro & Gen CheckoutPDF
2.3 Real‐Time Energy MarketPDF
3.1 to 3.4 Real‐Time Operational ConsiderationsPDF
4.1 Regulation MarketPDF
5.1 Reserve MarketPDF
6.1 Outage Types & Entering TicketsPDF
6.2 Reactive Reserves & Generator D‐CurvesPDF
6.3 Unit Capability TestingPDF
7.1 Introduction to PJM Emergency ProceduresPDF
7.2 Conservative OperationsPDF
7.3 Voltage EmergenciesPDF
7.4 Capacity EmergenciesPDF
7.5 Supplementary Status Report (SSR)PDF
7.6 Capacity Excess ConditionsPDF
8.2 Black Start Definitions & Procurement ProcessPDF
8.3 Generator Assessment & Roles During A RestorationPDF

Power System Elements

Generation Unit BasicsPDF
Relay ApplicationsPDF
System LoadsPDF
Transmission FacilitiesPDF